As they were offshoots of the akhada system, goti puas also
came to be known as akhada pilas - boys attached
||GOTI PUA (ORISSA)
The goti puas are boy dancers who dress up as girls.
They are the students of the akhadas, or gymnasia, established by Ramachandradeva
in Puri, in the periphery of the temple.
Another reason often given to justify the emergence of the goti pua system is
that as a section of followers of the Vaishnava religion
disapproved of dancing by women as a pretext for worship - they introduced the
practice of dancing by boys dressed as girls.
The word goti means 'one', 'single' and pua,
'boy', but the goti puas always dance in pairs.
Boys are recruited about the age of six and continue to perform till they are
14, then become teachers of the dance or join drama parties. Goti puas are now
part of professional teams, known as dals, each headed by a guru.
The boys are trained for about two years, during which, after
having imbibed the basic technique, they learn items of dance, ornamental and
expressional. The goti puas, being youngsters in their formative years, can adapt
their bodies to the dance in a far more flexible manner as opposed to the maharis.
A goti pua presentation is ably supported by a set of three musicians, who play
the pakhawaj, the gini or cymbals and the
harmonium. The boys do the singing themselves, though at times the group has an
Hojagiri is a reflection of the age-old culture and the unique style of dance
of the Reang community of Tripura. Only lower
half of the body is moved to create rhythmic movements. Dancers performing unusually
amazing acrobatic feats is the main highlight of the dance. Reang
girls twist and turn and dance in time to the compelling rhythm, sometimes
dancing on an earthen pitcher or balancing a bottle on the head with a lighted
lamp on top of it.
JAWARA (MADHYA PRADESH)
The Jawara is performed in the Bundelkhand area of Madhya
Pradesh. It is essentially a harvest dance-reflecting the gaiety and
pleasure of the peasants who have reaped a good harvest. The dance is performed
by men and women together. The costumes and jewelry worn by the women are colorful.
The women carry baskets full of jawara on
their heads and although the dance is very vigorous they are able to balance these
baskets very skillfully on their heads. The accompaniment includes a rich variety
of percussion, stringed and wind instruments.
KALINACH (WEST BENGAL)
Kali Nach of W est Bengal is another dance
performed during Gajan, in honor of the Goddess
Kali. Here, the performer wears a mask, purified by mantras, and dances
with a sword, and when worked up can make prophetic answers.