The seventh and eighth Avatars of Vishnu are those of most famous heroes of mythology,
RAMA and KRISHNA. Rama was the son of Dasharatha, king of Ayodhya, who appeared
to destroy the arch-demon Ravana, while Krishna, deemed to be the most perfect
Avatar of Vishnu, came to the world to kill evildoers and to establish the rule
of righteousness. These two incarnations are the best-known and most popular
gods amongst the Hindus everywhere.
The ninth Avatar is that of BALARAMA,
also known as BALA-BHADRA or BALA-DEVA, the elder brother of Krishna The story in Mahabharata
narrates that Vishnu took two hairs, a white and a black one, and that these
became Balarama and Krishna, the two children of Devaki. He was so powerful that
he, single-handedly, at a very tender age killed the great demon, ASURA DHENUKA,
who had the form of an ass. Another demon tried to carry off Balarama on his
shoulders but the young boy beat out the demon's brain with his fists. When Krishna
went to Mathura, Balarama accompanied him and manfully supported him till his
younger brother killed Kansa. He also taught both Duryodhana and Bhima the use
of the mace. His chief weapon is ploughshare (HAL) and he is therefore named
Those who hold the view that Balarama is not the incarnation
of Vishnu but of the great serpent Shesh Nag, on whom Vishnu reclines, claim
that the ninth Avatar of Vishnu is BUDDHA. In this case the phenomenal success of Buddha as a religious
teacher seems to have persuaded the Brahmins to adopt him as one member of their
own pantheon of gods.
The tenth and the last incarnation of Vishnu that is yet to appear in the world
at the end of the KALI-YUGA or the Machine Age is that of KALKI. This Avatar
shall appear seated on a white horse with a drawn sword blazing like a comet.
He shall come to finally destroy the wicked, to restart the new creation and
to restore the purity of conduct in people's lives.
It is interesting to note the evolution of these incarnations from lower to higher
forms of life and their reflection on the history of the evolution of mankind.
||Matsya, the fish incarnation symbolizes the
forming of protoplasm and invertebrates.
|VISHNU - THE SUPREME BEING
||Kurma, the tortoise symbolizes the
||Varaha, the boar symbolizes the existence
||Narasimha, the half-man, half-animal incarnation shows the development of
hands and fingers on animals and the evolution of the sub-human
or ape form.
||Vamana, the dwarf reflects the incomplete
development of man.
||Parashurama, the Rama-with-the-axe incarnation symbolizes the
The axe symbolizes the start of the use of metal by mankind.
||Rama shows the ability
of mankind to live in cities and to have an administration.
||Krishna (one who knows the sixty-four arts); reflects the development
of the sciences.
||The Buddha incarnation reflects the intellectual
and scientific development of man.
||Kalki the tenth and yet to come incarnation. In the years to come there will
be a moral degradation in society and this future incarnation
will save mankind.