Bihu Chhath Gangaur Goa Carnival Jagannatha Ratha Yatra Kumbh Mela
Onam Pongal Pooram Pushkar Mela Skanda Shasthi Teej
Teej Skanda Shasthi Pushkar Mela Pooram Pongal Onam
Kumbh Mela Jagannatha Ratha Yatra Goa Carnival Gangaur Chhath Bihu


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Onam is a four-day harvest festival celebrated in Kerala. It falls in the Malyali month of Chingam, marking the end of the life-giving monsoon and the advent of spring.

onam Mythologically, the event celebrates the annual visit of King Mahabali. According to a legend in Vishnu Purana, Mahabali was a demon king, and through severe penance had gained dominion over the three worlds. He was an able and just ruler and his people adored him. The gods however, shorn of their powers and deprived of their abode and the spoils from sacrifices performed on earth, asked Vishnu for help. He agreed, and took his fourth incarnation of Vamana, the dwarf. Accordingly, he was born to Sage Kashyapa and his consort Aditi. When he attained maturity, he went to the court of Mahabali, who was in the midst of a sacrifice. The virtuous Bali saw the Brahmin and immediately asked him what he desired. Vamana begged for as much land as he could encompass with three steps. Bali agreed to the humble request but as soon as the sacrificial water was poured on Vamana's hands, he became a giant. With one step he covered the earth, with the second step the heavens. As there was no place to claim his third step, Bali offered his head as a resting ground. Vishnu put his foot on Bali's head and pushed him down to the netherworld.

However, in recognition of his virtues, Vishnu made him king of the Asuras. At Bali's request, Vishnu allowed him to return to earth to visit his people once a year .It is believed that Mahabali visits his people in Kerala during Onam. It has now been historically established that a king named Mahabali ruled over the region of Onam modern Kerala around the 4th century AD. He was a powerful and just king and his dynasty ruled over Kerala for about 150 years.
The return of their erstwhile king is celebrated by the Keralites with tremendous enthusiasm and vigor. Kerala wears a festive look during these four days. Every house is cleaned and decorated. Doorways are adorned with rangoli and flowers. Pukkalam, or floral decorations consisting of garlands and flower petals, are an essential inclusion in all decorations since traditionally, flowers are used to welcome people. Flowers are also symbolic of innocence and freshness, which the season brings with it. Every day the old flowers are replaced with new ones. According to a local belief, the better the house is decorated, the greater the chance of King Mahabali entering it. Here Bali signifies the harvest, and the visit of Mahabali actually symbolizes a good harvest. As Kerala is still largely agricultural, people celebrate this event with enthusiasm. Sumptuous feasts are also prepared on all days during Onam. boat race
Although the festival centers on the myth of Mahabali and Vishnu, it also celebrates the advent to the harvest season. It is not just the commemoration of the return of a great king who bestowed prosperity and happiness on his people, but also the veneration of the harvest that indicates wealth and joy. On all the four days, the family prays to Vishnu and sings songs in praise of King Mahabali who, through his humility, won Vishnu's honor and respect. Women sing and dance in the evenings. Vallom Kallies or the snake boat races form an important part of Onam celebrations. Some of the sites famous for these races are Aranmula on the Pamba River in the Kuttanad region, Papiyad near Quilon, and Thayathangadi near Kottayam.
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